Irina Busygina: ‘social contract’ approach is inevitable for Ukraine
Ukraine has fallen into the double-trap of rigid coalitions. The first trap is the split within Ukraine; the second is the relationship between Russia and the EU.
Irina Busygina, Russian expert, Doctor of Political Sciences, expressed this opinion during the conference “Future economic development of Ukraine in the context of the integration processes” in Kiev.
The first trap is the split into two comparable parts within Ukraine itself. This split is the most complex to settle. Were the political spectrum split into 4-5 parts, oddly enough, things would have been easier. To make matters worse, this split is getting wider. What you get is that you’re breaking up on all the important points: Europe – Russia, the changes – the status quo, the Ukrainian language – the Russian language, freedom against subordination. There is a feeling that you have two monolithic coalition,” tells the expert.
Busygina believes that in order to overcome the contradictions Ukrainians need to create a smaller "buckles" holding the two halves of Ukraine from becoming total antagonists and polarities.
The second trap, holds the Russian expert, is in the relationship between Russia and the European Union.
"Ukraine has entered an extremely bad time. It is a public-domain knowledge that the relationship between Russia and the European Union at their worst since the ‘cold war’ days," says Busygina.
She believes that Ukraine is between the two rigid coalitions.
"On the one hand, [the country] builds inside a very tough coalition – a confrontation between two monoliths that should have been long split up. On the other (in relation to the strategic choice), Ukraine has to choose the economy simultaneously with politics, values, social issues and so on. Today’s outside world complicates the situation further instead of facilitating this choice. So you have very little room to manoeuvre," said Busygina.
According to her, in a divided society, every point must be explained.
"The government must, as they say, go out to the citizens, go out and say ‘I do so because of...’”. This is first. And secondly, you inevitably will have some form of what is called a ‘social contract’. Such splits indicate that the social contract will be very hard to conclude, you will not be able to break even on this one. Because neither camp can crush the other, which means inevitable compromise and social contract. And the earlier the understanding is found, the better,” holds Busygina.